Measuring Mass

In most analyses, an analytical balance must be used to measure masses with high accuracy. Less accurate laboratory balances are also used for mass measurements when the demands for reliability are not critical. Types of Analytical Balances What is An analytical balance ? ** An analytical balance is an instrument …

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Nomenclature of Cycloalkanes

  What is Cycloalkanes? ** Saturated cyclic hydrocarbons are called cycloalkanes, or alicyclic (aliphatic cyclic) compounds, and have the general formula (CH2)n or CnH2n.  ** Cycloalkanes are named by adding “cyclo” before the parent name of alkane.   ** Substituted cycloalkanes are named by rules similar to those for open chain …

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Nomenclature of Alkanes

  What is Alkanes ? ** Alkanes are saturated hydrocarbons; that is, they contain only carbon-carbon single bonds. ** In this context, saturated means that each carbon has the maximum number of hydrogens bonded to it.   Nomenclature of Alkanes The IUPAC System ** Ideally, every organic compound should have a …

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The Structure of Alkanes

What is Alkanes ? ** Alkanes are saturated hydrocarbons; that is, they contain only carbon-carbon single bonds. ** In this context, saturated means that each carbon has the maximum number of hydrogens bonded to it. ** We often refer to alkanes as aliphatic hydrocarbons because the physical properties of the higher …

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Gas pressure

:(Key points of this lesson (pressureFirstly, Pressure, force divided by area, provides a criterion of mechanical equilibrium for systems free to change their volume Secondly,Pressure is measured with a barometer.  The states of gases ** The physical state of a sample of a substance, its physical condition, is defined by its …

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Atomic Theory – Dalton’s atomic theory

Atomic Theory ** In this lesson , we will explain atomic Theory especially, Dalton’s atomic theory. ** In the fifth century b.c., the Greek philosopher Democritus expressed the belief that all matter consists of very small, indivisible particles. he named atomos (meaning uncuttable or indivisible). ** Although Democritus’ idea was not accepted …

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Functional Groups in Organic Chemistry

Functional Groups ** Carbon combines with other atoms (e.g., H, N, O, S, halogens) to form structural units called functional groups. ** Functional groups are important for three reasons. First, they are the units by which we divide organic compounds into classes. Second, they are sites of characteristic chemical reactions. A …

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