MCQ on Chapter: Thermochemistry

1. The branch of chemistry which deals with the heat changes caused by chemical reactions is called _______ (a) thermodynamics (b) thermal chemistry (c) thermochemistry (d) none of these Answer. (c) 2. In an exothermic reaction, the internal energy of the products is _______ internal energy of the reactants. (a) …

Read More »

Measurement of The Heat of Reaction

  Measurement of The Heat of Reaction ❒The experimental measurement of the heat of reaction or enthalpy change is known as calorimetry. ❒ The name (calorimetry) evidently finds its origin in the unit of heat–the calorie. ❒ The heat given out or absorbed in a chemical reaction is measured in …

Read More »

Energy Changes During Transitions or Phase Changes

Energy Changes During Transitions or Phase Changes ❒ The three states of matter – solid, liquid and gas differ from one another in the arrangement of their constituent particles. ❒ The magnitudes of intermolecular forces acting between the particles in these states are also different. ❒ It is a common observation that when …

Read More »

Heat of Combustion

Heat of Combustion ❒ The heat of combustion of a substance is defined as: The change in enthalpy of a system when one mole of the substance is completely burnt in excess of air or oxygen. ❒ It is denoted by ΔHc. As for example, heat of combustion of methane is – 21.0 kcal …

Read More »

Heat of Formation

Heat of Formation ❒ The heat of formation of a compound is defined as:The change in enthalpy that takes place when one mole of the compound is formed from its elements. ❒ It is denoted by ΔHf . For example, the heat of formation of ferrous sulphide and acetylene may be expressed as: ❒ Similarly, the …

Read More »

Enthalpy of a Reaction

Enthalpy of a Reaction ❒Thermochemical measurements are made either at (a) constant volume or (b) constant pressure. The magnitudes of changes observed under the two conditions are different. ❒ The change in internal energy (ΔE): is the heat change accompanying a chemical reaction at constant volume because no external work …

Read More »

MCQ on Chapter: First Law of Thermodynamics

1. The study of the flow of heat or any other form of energy into or out of a system undergoing physical or chemical change is called_______ (a) thermochemistry  (b) thermokinetics (c) thermodynamics (d) thermochemical studies Answer. (c) 2. Thermodynamics is applicable to_______ (a) microscopic systems only  (b) macroscopic systems …

Read More »

Adiabatic Expansion of an Ideal Gas

Adiabatic Expansion of an Ideal Gas ❒ A process carried in a vessel whose walls are perfectly insulated so that no heat can pass through them, is said to be adiabatic.❒ In adiabatic process there is no heat exchange between a system and surroundings, and q = 0. ❒ According …

Read More »

Molar Heat Capacities

Molar Heat Capacities ❒ By heat capacity of a system we mean the capacity to absorb heat and store energy. As the system absorbs heat, it goes into the kinetic motion of the atoms and molecules contained in the system. This increased kinetic energy raises the temperature of the system. …

Read More »

Enthalpy of A System

Enthalpy of A System ❒ In a process carried at constant volume (say in a sealed tube), the heat content of a system is the same as internal energy (E), as no PV work is done.  ❒ But in a constant-pressure process, the system (a gas) also expends energy in …

Read More »